Weekly Digest #21: Internet of Things Comes to Hotels & Mailboxes
September 1st, 2016
Samsung has introduced chips for the Internet of Things and is working on a smart speaker with voice control. The Netherlands are testing the smart mailboxes and Japanese hotel rooms are being fitted with IoT-gadgets. All of this, as well as pacemaker hacking attempts and the role of AI in cancer diagnosis - in our weekly digest.
IN A NUTSHELL
- Artificial intelligence hasn’t passed Winograd Schema Challenge, a common sense test. This is an improved version of the Turing Test, the task of which lies in asking questions and determining whether the respondent is a computer or a person.
- According to Berg Insight report, IoT-platform market has grown by 36% in 2015, reaching a figure of 610 million euros. Average annual growth in the near future will be more than 30%, which means that by 2021, the market has a potential to reach 3.05 billion euros. The IoT-platforms included in the report are platforms that control connectivity, devices, and applications.
- The Juniper Research report says that by 2020, one of the main driving forces of the M2M (machine-to-machine) market will be eSIM-cards. They will enable over 50% of M2M interactions. One of the most active areas for eSIM-cards usage will be connected cars.
- Mark Zuckerberg has created an artificial intelligence for his home that is able to manage multiple devices and responds only to his voice. In September, Mark has promised to present this system to all.
Machine learning tools in Haven OnDemand by Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, a division of HP, has introduced a new version of the application for Vertica 8 structured information analytics as well as new features of machine learning for Haven OnDemand. Another novelty - Haven OnDemand’s cloud component called Combinations, which is an advanced machine learning program interfaces (API)
The new version of Vertica 8 allows retrieving information that is stored in different places and analyze it in real time. Vertica 8 can work with data from local and cloud storage, private and public clouds, and Hadoop data.
The algorithms for machine learning will help to build and deploy machine learning models based on R language.
All of these instruments can be used to add artificial intelligence to applications using built-in cognitive services directory.
"Smart" mail with drones and RFID
The Netherlands want to use the power of the Internet of Things in the postal service. Some of the country areas are planning to install smart mailboxes connected to the Internet. The drones will deliver parcels and mail to these mailboxes, identifying the necessary box by RFID-tags. The authors of the project emphasize that parcel delivery will be available even without the help of a postman and the recipients won’t have to be home to get their mail. Parcer company will create the special boxes and the logistics will be undertaken by one of the largest B2C delivery services.
Samsung introduced a processor for the Internet of things
Samsung has released the Exynos 7 Quad 7570 chipset for use in the IoT-devices. This is the first chip by Samsung that passes the standards of the 14nm FinFET technology. It is equipped with GNSS and FM receivers, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth adapters, and a built-in LTE Cat.4 2CA modem.
The new processor surpasses analogs in terms of productivity by 70% and energy efficiency by 30%. It is also 20% smaller than others. The chip allows to shoot and playback Full HD videos and can connect to the front and main cameras with a resolution of 8 and 13 megapixels.
Diagnosing Cancer with Artificial Intelligence
AI is increasingly used in the medical diagnosis and there is more and more news that the AI’s algorithms make a much more accurate diagnosis than doctors. In the US, the algorithm has been created, which has an accuracy of 99% in determining the risk of developing breast cancer. To do this, the algorithm analyzes the images and symptoms of patients, learning from the data of 500 patients. It is noteworthy that the generated algorithm is able to correctly diagnose without any invasive procedures, including biopsy. If the doctor examines a mammogram for about an hour or more, the algorithm should be able to do it up to 30 times faster.
The accuracy of the analysis in the determination of this disease is also important because in the States only, every second woman who gets the diagnose “breast cancer” is actually misdiagnosed and to refute the diagnosis, the women have to undergo biopsy procedure. No fun.
Internet of Things personalizes Japanese hotel rooms
We have become accustomed to “smart home” concept. Making the apartment more comfortable and controllable via a smartphone or tablet is a great application for the Internet of Things. However, Japanese hotel owners in Fukuoka together with Sony and Kyushu University decided to implement IoT-technology in hotel rooms. These rooms allow managing door locks, lighting, climate control, and order room service remotely. A mobile app has been developed specifically for this project.
Capitalizing on Hacking Pacemakers
Security of the Internet of Things gadgets and medical devices is a hot topic lately. Experts point out that the consequences of such devices getting hacked may be quite sad, therefore manufacturers are recommended to pay special attention to organizing their safe operation. Last week, such vulnerability was discovered.
MedSec IT specialists discovered a vulnerability in the pacemakers and defibrillators work manufactured by St. Jude Medical. They learned that certain models can be connected to from unauthorized devices from a distance of up to 15 meters (50ft). Once connected, a hacker can do anything, including discharging the device’s battery. The reason for this issue - insecure authentication mechanism.
Instead of sharing this information with the medical devices manufacturer, the discoverers shared it with the Muddy Waters Capital investment firm’s head, with the goal of operating for a fall and gaining from St. Jude Medical’s share price plummeting. Muddy Waters published the information about the vulnerability and quite predictably, the shares of St. Jude Medical have fallen by 4.5%. Commenting on the reasons for such actions, the head of Muddy Waters explained it by the fact that he doesn’t want the devices to massively fail and kill people. Moreover, he added, St. Jude Medical should stop releasing these devices for now until all the vulnerabilities are fixed.
Did the hackers and investors earn anything from this deal? This is unknown.
Samsung Scoop will compete with Amazon Echo
Samsung is preparing to release an analog to the Amazon’s Echo smart speaker - Scoop speaker with voice control. It will accept user’s voice commands and respond to them. The commands include many options, such as notifying a person about the weather or turning smart devices at home on or off. In addition, Samsung Scoop comes with a leather belt, possibly for carrying the speaker.
Besides Amazon and Samsung, Google has announced the development of a similar device with voice control called Google Home at the I/O conference in Spring.
ReSpeaker: Control any IoT Device with Voice
ReSpeaker - a hardware interface - will add voice command control to any IoT-device. ReSpeaker is running open-source Linux and the developer is planning to introduce an API for connection of various devices and SDK for developers, who will be able to use ReSpeaker in their products.
Inside the gadget, there is a microphone with echo cancellation, which means that ReSpeaker can accept commands even from a distance. Just don’t yell for the lights out, please?